Lima limata conciliis, constitutionibus synodalibus, et aliis monumetntis. Quibus venerab. servus Dei Toribius Alphonsus Mogroveius archiepisc. Limanus provinciam limensem,

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Author: Mogrovejo Turibe, Toribio Alfonso de (1538-1606) translated by Francis Harold (?-1685)

Year: 1673

Publisher: Typis Josephi Corvi

Place: Romæ (Rome)


[32]+xxxiv+379+[22] pages with portrait plate facing page 1. Folio (12 3/4" x 9") bound later stiff vellum with five raised spine bands. (Volume fort rare"--LeClerc 1757. European Americana 673/105; Medina BHA 1547; Palau 112325; Sabin 30415) First Latin edition.

Toribio Alfonso de Mogrovejo (16 November 1538 – 23 March 1606) was a Spanish prelate of the Catholic Church who served as the Archbishop of Lima from 1579 until his death. He first studied in the humanities and law before serving as a professor and later as the Grand Inquisitor at the behest of King Philip II. His piousness and learning had reached the ears of the king who appointed him to that position which was considered unusual since he had no previous government or judicial experience. His noted work for the Inquisition earned him praise from the king who nominated him for the vacant Lima archdiocese. The pope confirmed this despite his protests. He was ordained to the priesthood in 1578 in Granada (after four consecutive weeks of receiving the minor orders) and Pope Gregory XIII named him on 16 May 1579 as the Archbishop of Lima; he received his episcopal consecration in August 1580 from the Archbishop of Seville Cristóbal Rojas Sandoval. The new archbishop first arrived in Paita on 12 May 1581 which was 600 miles – or 970 kilometers – from Lima. He began his new mission travelling to Lima on foot while he baptized and taught the natives. He was enthroned in his new see a week later. He produced a trilingual catechism in Spanish as well as in the native languages Quechua and Aymara in 1584 while the council mandated confessional manuals to aid confessors while calling for preaching in indigenous languages.

Francis Harold, O.F.M. was an Irish Franciscan and historical writer. He was for some time professor of theology in the Irish College in Prague; and afterwards went to Rome, where he spent the remaining years of his life in the Irish Franciscan College of St. Isidore, fulfilling the duties of librarian.

Lima Limata conciliis, constitutionibus synodalibus et aliis monumentis . . . notis et scholiis illustrata, published in Rome in 1673, contains the proceedings of the Provincial Councils of Lima held in 1583, 1591 and 1601 by Archbishop Toribio Alfonso de Mogrovejo, along with other synods, which helped organized the Catholic Church in America. The Third Council of Lima was the most important of the three councils celebrated in Lima during the 16th century, since it definitively organized the Church in the Americas; held in Lima, at the time the capital of the Spanish Viceroyalty of Peru. It was summoned by Archbishop Toribio de Mogrovejo in 1581, and met from 15 August 1582 to 18 October 1583. The Council dictated many regulations and principles, centered on the evangelization of the aboriginals and their fair treatment "not like slaves but as free men", as well as their education and instruction in European customs. It decreed that the indigenous languages must be used, and forbade the use of Latin and the exclusive use of Spanish. It produced a trilingual catechism (then known as "Catechism of St. Toribius"), in Spanish, Quechua and Aymara. This catechism was later translated into the Guaraní language by Luis de Bolaños, and adopted by the First Synod of Asunción (1603) for use in the area of the Upper Paraná River basin (eastern Brazil, Paraguay and northeastern Argentina). The Council also encouraged the establishment of seminaries. It set standards for the ordination of priests, requiring that they visit their congregations regularly, and for the appropriate use of liturgy to attract the natives to the celebrations.


Minor wear; lacking front free endpaper, minor wear to title page, third leaf detached, contents generally clean; marca de fuego on top edge. None known at auction since 1971. A good copy.

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