Epitome chronologico, genealogico & historico, dividido em quatro livros, e composto pelo pade Antonio Maria Bonucci de Comanhia de Jesu, missionario na provincia do Brasil

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Author: Bonucci, Anton Maria (1651-1728)

Year: 1706

Publisher: Na Officina de Antonio Pedrozo Galram

Place: Lisbon

Description:

[16]+555 pages. Octavo (8" x 6") bound in full leather with raised bands with red labels and gilt lettering to spine. (Palau 32887) First edition.

Antonio Maria Bonucci was a Jusuit priest and Antonio Vieira's secretary for the last ten years of his life. Since Bonucci was Vieira's secretary until his, Vieira's, death in 1697 and was well aware of the content of Vieira's work, it is surprising that he wrote and managed to get a book published in 1706 in which eh seemingly follows some of Vieira's ideas regarding the succession of time. When one reads the first "book" of this work, they have the impression that the content and structure are very much similar to some passages of Vieira's Clavis Prophetarum. A study of this book will provide further light on Vieira's interpretation of the succession of empires, particularly when analyzing his chapter on "how the time of the Antichrist should be understood in the Fifth empire, while Christ's empire would thus be counted as the sixth.

Antonio Vieira was a Portuguese Jesuit philosopher and writer, the "prince" of Catholic pulpit-orators of his time. He accompanied his parents to the colony of Brazil, where his father had been posted as a registrar. He received his education at the Jesuit college at Bahia. In 1635 he entered the priesthood. He distinguished himself as an orator. He was one of the reformers during the inquisition and his enemies had him exiled to Coimbra. In his youth he had vowed to consecrate his life to the conversion of the African slaves and native Indians of his adopted country, and arriving in Maranhão early in 1653 he recommenced his apostolic labors, which had been interrupted during his stay of fourteen years in the Old World. Starting from Pará, he penetrated to the banks of the Tocantins, making numerous converts to Christianity and European civilization among the most violent tribes; but after two years of unceasing labour, during which every difficulty was placed in his way by the colonial authorities, he saw that the Indians must be withdrawn from the jurisdiction of the governors, to prevent their exploitation, and placed under the control of the members of a single religious society. Accordingly, in June 1654 he set sail for Lisbon to plead the cause of the Indians, and in April 1655 he obtained from the king a series of decrees which placed the missions under the Society of Jesus, with himself as their superior, and prohibited the enslavement of the natives, except in certain specified cases. Returning with this charter of freedom, he organized the missions over a territory having a coast-line of 400 leagues, and a population of 200,000 souls, and in the next six years (1655–61) the indefatigable missionary set the crown on his work. After a time, however, the colonists, attributing the shortage of slaves and the consequent diminution in their profits to the Jesuits, began actively to oppose Vieyra, and they were joined by members of the secular clergy and the other Orders who were jealous of the monopoly enjoyed by the Company in the government of the Indians. This work is a kind of universal history, one of its interest is that the dedication was written in Bahia.

Condition:

Recased with renewed spine and labels and end papers, corners rubbed, leather boards, scuffed and rubbed, early signature to title, minor dampstaining else a very good copy.


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