Obras Historicas de Don Fernando de Alva IIxtlilxochitl
Author: Alva Cortés Ixtlilxóchitl, Fernando de (1568 between and 1580-1648) annotated by Alfredo Chavero
Publisher: Secretaria de Fomento
Place: Mexico City
2 volumes. Volume I Relaciones. 508 pages with errata. Volume II Historia Chichimeca. 455 pages with errata. Royal octavo (9 1/4" x 6") bound in grey cloth with gilt lettering to covers. First edition.
Fernando de Alva Cortés Ixtlilxóchitl He was a distinguished student at the Imperial Colegio de Santa Cruz de Tlatelolco, where he was educated in both Nahuatl and Spanish. He lived in San Juan Teotihuacán from 1600 to 1604. He was commissioned by the Spanish viceroy of New Spain to write histories of the indigenous peoples of Mexico. His Relación histórica de la nación tulteca (usually called Relación) was written between 1600 and 1608. This was an account of many events in New Spain, and many events of the Toltec people. The Relación and most of his other accounts and compilations contain writing fragments and songs, with much repetition and little organization. He gives a detailed account of the important part played by his great-grandfather Don Fernando Ixtlilxóchitl II in the conquest of Mexico and the pacification of the Indigenous of New Spain, praising him in every possible way and condemning the ingratitude of the conquerors. Later (1610 to 1640, according to Chavero), Alva wrote the Spanish work Historia chichimeca, which refers to the same events, but with more organization. Historia chichimeca is not the original title, which is unknown, but was supplied by Carlos de Sigüenza y Góngora when the manuscript was in his possession. Lorenzo Boturini Bernaducci, who owned the same manuscript later, called it Historia general de la Nueva España. There are indications it was part of a larger work, the rest of which has been lost, or perhaps it was unfinished. It ends with the siege of Mexico. The work gives the Texcoca version of pre-Columbian history and the conquest, in contrast to the work of Fernando Alvarado Tezozómoc, which gives the Mexica version. The Historia chichimeca is considered Alva's best work. His works contain very important data for the history of Mexico, but except for Historia chichimeca, they are written without order or method, the chronology is very faulty, and there is much repetition. Alfredo Chavero published his works, annotated, with the title of Obras históricas (Historical Works) in 1891-1892. José Ignacio Dávila Garibi reproduced that edition with a new prologue in 1952.
Rebound. Former owner's stamp to title volume one. Volume two with staining to the last twenty pages, back head corners bumped else about very good of a scare set.