Arte de la lengua mexicana con la declaracion de los adverbios
Author: Carochi, Horacio (1586 1666)
Publisher: IJuan Ruíz,
Place: Mexico City
[5 of 6]+132 leaves with several armorial engravings. Small octavo (7 1/2" x 5 1/2") bound in half leather with four raised spine bands with black label to spine in gilt lettering over marbled boards. (Medina, Mexico 594; Palau 44870 ("actualmente rarísima"); Sabin 10953) First edition.
Horacio Carochi (1586 1666) was a Jesuit priest and grammarian who was born in Florence and died in Mexico. He is known for his grammar of the Classical Nahuatl language. He went to Rome where he entered the Society of Jesus. From Rome he went to the New World, arriving in New Spain (now Mexico). There he dedicated himself to the study of the indigenous languages and became proficient in Otomi and then in Nahuatl. He was a friend of the Bishop and later Viceroy of New Spain, Juan de Palafox y Mendoza, as is documented by surviving letters written by Carochi to the bishop. Carochi had an acute understanding of the Nahuatl language and was the first grammarian to understand and propose a consistent transcription of two difficult phenomena in Nahuatl phonology, namely vowel length and the saltillo. His Arte or grammar was seen as important soon after its publication, and as early as 1759 a version edited by Ignacio Paredes was issued. This version, however, lacks most of the virtues of the original work. His original Arte de la lengua Mexicana is considered by linguists today to be the finest and most useful of the extant early grammars of Nahuatl. He also wrote a grammar of Otomi, which is now lost. His Art was seen as important soon after its elaboration and already in 1759 a version called compendio del arte ." re-edited by Fray Ignacio Paredes was prepared and reprinted. This version which has been reprinted many times since, however, lacks most of the virtues of the original work.
Lacking 3 leaves, minor damp staining; tightly trimmed, minor wear else a very good copy of scarce item.