A Quantum Theory of the scattering of X-Rays by Light Elements in Physical Review, Second Series, Volume 25, Number 5

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Author: Arthur Holly Compton (1892-1962)

Year: 1923

Publisher: American Physical Society

Place: Lancaster


483-502 pages with tables, formulas, charts and figures. Royal octavo (9 3/4" x 6 1/2") bound in quarter brown leather with gilt lettering to spine over green cloth. Physical Review, Second Series, Volume 25, Number 5 complete issue with the following articles: The Crystal structure of Quartz by I W McKeehan; Electronic Structures of the Spinels by Maurice I Huggins; The Motion of Electrons in Carbon Monoxide by H B Wahlin; Further Experiments on the Mass of the Electric Carrier in Metals by Richard C Tolman, Sebastian Karrer and Ernest w Guernsey; The Electrical Conductivity of Molybdenite by A T Waterman; Determination of Viscosities and the Stokes-Millikan Law Constant by the Oil-Drop Method by Yoshio Ishida; The Molecular Scattering of Light in Benzene, Vapor and Liquid by K R Ramanathan; Minimum Intensity for audition by Frederick W Kranz; First edition. 

Arthur Holly Compton was an American physicist who won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1927 for his 1923 discovery of the Compton effect, which demonstrated the particle nature of electromagnetic radiation. It was a sensational discovery at the time: the wave nature of light had been well-demonstrated, but the idea that light had both wave and particle properties was not easily accepted. He is also known for his leadership over the Metallurgical Laboratory at the University of Chicago during the Manhattan Project, and served as chancellor of Washington University in St. Louis from 1945 to 1953.

In 1923, Compton published a paper in the Physical Review that explained the X-ray shift by attributing particle-like momentum to photons, something Einstein had invoked for his 1905 Nobel Prize–winning explanation of the photo-electric effect. First postulated by Max Planck in 1900, these were conceptualized as elements of light "quantized" by containing a specific amount of energy depending only on the frequency of the light. In his paper, Compton derived the mathematical relationship between the shift in wavelength and the scattering angle of the X-rays by assuming that each scattered X-ray photon interacted with only one electron. His paper concludes by reporting on experiments that verified his derived relation.


Bound  in hard cover lacking original wrappers else very good.