Report of the Secretary of War, Communicating in Compliance with a Resolution of the Senate the Report of Lieutenant Colonel Graham on the Subject of the Boundary Line Between the United States and Mexico with Boundary Between the United States and Mexico

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Author: Graham, James Duncan (1799-1865)

Year: 1852-1898

Publisher: Government Printing Office

Place: Washington, DC


2 volumes. The Boundary Line Between the United States and Mexico by Graham. [1]+[2]-250 pages with 2 folding lithographed maps [1] Mexican Boundary B. Extract from the Treaty Map of Disturnell of 1847; [2] Mexican Boundary. Sketch A. Referred to in Colonel Graham’s Report folding lithographed chart [1] Barometric Profile of the Route from San Antonio. Royal octavo (9 1/4" x 5 3/4") bound in half leather over marbled boards with gil lettering to spine. Boundary Between the United States and Mexico Double-page title-sheet and 26 double-page lithographed maps and profiles. Elephant folio (29" x 21 1/2") bound in thre quarter leather over marbled boards. (Basic Texas Books 57n. Garrett & Goodwin, p. 298, 413 & 414. Graff 1609. Howes G296. Martin & Martin 40) First editions.

The history of the Mexican Boundary Survey was, perhaps more than any other episode in the American West, colored by ineptitude, personal animosity, ambition, and political interference. It was to have a significant effect on the final shape of the region. In addition to reporting his troubles with John R. Bartlett, Graham included information and reports on southern New Mexico.The map entitled Mexican Boundary B delineates the boundary difference that would result from the two different interpretations of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo vis-à-vis the Disturnell map. The first interpretation was based on strict reference to the lines of longitude and latitude on the map; the second, on actual reference to the landmarks of El Paso and the Rio Grande. The Disturnell map had placed El Paso too far north and west of its actual position. Graham’s maps show that the two interpretations would result in a difference of 5,950 square miles to U.S. territory in an area strategic to mining and railroads.

Boundary Between the United States and Mexico There are two index maps, and 19 detail maps; these latter are on a scale of 1/60,000, or about one mile per inch. There five profile sheets of the boundary. Each of the maps is signed in facsimile by the engineers conducting the survey, three Mexican and three American. Maps A & B A and B [the Index maps] show the prominent peaks, roads and springs in the vicinity of the boundary line whose positions and heights were determined by the U.S. Section of the Commission. The railroads, roads and trails and the location of settlements, rivers, &c., at a distance from the boundary were compiled from County maps, General Land Office maps, U.S. Engineer maps, &c. Pacific Coast Line and San Diego Bay from U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey charts. Coast of Lower California and Gulf of California from U.S. Hydrographic Office charts. By the Adams-Onis Treaty of 1819 between the United States and Spain, the boundary line established between the two countries followed the course of the Red River westward to the 100th degree of west longitude, and crossing the Red River, ran due north to the Arkansas River; all "as laid down in Melish's map of the United States", although on Melish's map of the United States the 100th meridian was erroneously shown as crossing the Red River more than one hundred miles east of this strip, and east of the fork in the River. The same line was established by the treaty of 1828 between the United States and the United Mexican States, and confirmed by the Convention of 1838 between the United States and the Republic of Texas. It became part of the boundary between the State of Texas and the adjacent territory of the United States on the admission of Texas into the Union in 1845. In 1850, however, by a legislative compact between the United States and the State of Texas, it was agreed that the northern boundary line of Texas should run west with the parallel of 36 degrees 30 minutes from its intersection with the 100th meridian. In 1859 the eastern boundary of the panhandle of Texas which runs along the 100th meridian was surveyed and marked, under the direction of the Indian Office, by A. H. Jones and H. M. C. Brown. In 1860 Clark surveyed the northwest boundary of Texas, under the auspices of the United States and Texas Boundary Commission. For various reasons, not least the advent of the Civil War in 1861, Clark's survey was not presented until the 47th Congress, and only published in 1882 as Senate Executive Document No. 70, accompanied by a series of detailed maps. However the boundary was not officially agreed upon until March of 1891. Between that date and 1912, when New Mexico became an official state and Clark's survey was once again officially recognized, the exact location of the boundary as it runs along the 103rd meridian was in dispute, partly as a result of Melish's original error. Cataloged by Kate Hunter


Both titles rebound. Atlas volume provenance of Cornell Library with their stamp to title else a very good set.

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