Idea de una Nueva Historia General de la America Septentrional. Fundada sobre material copioso de figuras, Symbols, Caracteres, Geroglifcos, Cantares, y Manuscritos de Autores Indios, ultimamente descubiertos
Publisher: En la Imprenta de Juan de Zuniga
[xxxvi]+167+[viii]+96 pages. Octavo (8 1/4" x 6 1/4") bound in full leather with decorative gilt and lettering to spine. From the library of George M Foster. First edition.
Lorenzo Boturini Benaducci, born in Italy of noble parentage, studied in Milan and lived in Trieste and Vienna. He was a knight of the Holy Roman Empire. Forced to flee Austria because of the war with Spain, Boturini arrived in Spain via England and Portugal. In Madrid he met the Condesa de SantibÃ¡Ã±ez, oldest daughter of the Condesa de Moctezuma. The mother authorized him to collect a pension due her, as a descendant of the Aztec Emperor Moctezuma II, from the royal treasury in New Spain. Boturini went to New Spain in 1736, where he remained eight years. During those years he assembled a vast collection of paintings, maps, manuscripts and native codices. He copied more than 500 pre-Columbian inscriptions and made his own drawings of monuments and sculptures, and he investigated the history of the apparition of the Virgin of Guadalupe on the hill of Tepeyac. He traveled widely and on his travels brought together the largest collection of Mexican antiquities assembled to that time by a European. Not only did he intend to write the history of the Virgin of Guadalupe, but he also had plans to crown her image with a gold crown. For that purpose he sought donations from the bishops and from the public. This brought him to the attention of the colonial government, which was suspicious of the motives of a foreigner making this proposal. On June 2, 1743 after an investigation, the recently arrived viceroy, Pedro Cebrion y Agustin, had him imprisoned and impounded his collection. He was accused of entering New Spain without license from the Council of the Indies and of introducing papal documents without a royal permit. After eight months in prison, Boturini was sent to Spain. He fell into the hands of pirates, who eventually released him at Gibraltar. From there he traveled to Madrid, in miserable conditions. In Madrid he met Mariano Fernandez de Echeverria y Veytia, another passionate collector of Indian antiquities. Fernandez de Echeverria y Veytia offered Boturini a place to live and financial support, and got the Council of the Indies to reconsider his case. Boturini was absolved. The king named him royal chronicler of the Indies, ordered that his collection be returned to him, and extended an invitation for him to return to New Spain. Boturini, however, declined to return to New Spain, and his collection was never restored. It appears that he was granted recompense and a stipend to work on his projected history of the colony. In Madrid he wrote a history of ancient Mexico, unpublished at the time of his death in 1753. The library at the Basilica de Nuestra Senora de Guadalupe is named for him. The Boturini Collection was formed between 1735 and 1743, to serve as the basis of a projected Historia de America Septentrional. It consisted of many valuable documents, the majority of them of Indian provenance. Among these were hieroglyphic paintings that had belonged to Juan de Alva Ixtlilxochitl, a descendant of the rulers of Texcoco. Ixtlilxotchitl bequeathed these documents to Carlos de Siguenza y Gongora. The collection was confiscated by Viceroy Pedro Cebrian y Agustin at the time of Boturini's arrest in 1743. It was deposited in the office of the secretary of the viceroyalty. The documents were neglected there for years and suffered considerable pilferage. The subsequent viceroy, Juan Francisco de Goemes, 1st Count of Revillagigedo, granted the historian and antiquary Fernandez de Echeverria y Veytia (Boturini's friend from Madrid) the paintings and documents he solicited for his own studies. On Fernandez de Echeverria y Veytia's death, they passed to Antonio de Leon y Gama. He died in 1802, and the collection passed to his heirs. Shortly thereafter, 16 paintings were obtained by Alexander von Humboldt during his visit to Mexico in 1802-03. He published them in Vues des cordilleres et monuments des peuples indigines d'Amerique. The originals of these are now in the Berlin State Library. Part of the remainder of the collection may have passed to Father Jose Pichardo, an amateur antiquarian. Joseph Alexis Aubin, beginning in 1827 or shortly thereafter, obtained important parts of the collection from a variety of sources. He sold his collection to Eugene Goupil, who was of French and Mexican descent. This part of the collection passed by donation or purchase to the National Library in Paris, where it remains, under the name Aubin-Goupil Collection.
George McClelland Foster, Jr born in Sioux Falls, South Dakota, on October 9, 1913, died on May 18, 2006, at his home in the hills above the campus of the University of California, Berkeley, where he served as a professor from 1953 to his retirement in 1979, when he became professor emeritus. His contributions to anthropological theory and practice still challenge us; in more than 300 publications, his writings encompass a wide diversity of topics, including acculturation, long-term fieldwork, peasant economies, pottery making, public health, social structure, symbolic systems, technological change, theories of illness and wellness, humoral medicine in Latin America, and worldview. The quantity, quality, and long-term value of his scholarly work led to his election to the National Academy of Sciences in 1976. Virtually all of his major publications have been reprinted and/or translated. Provenance from the executor of Foster's library laid in.
Lacks Foster's stamp or date of purchase. some damp stains to end papers, neat old marginalia in Spanish to back end paper, worm hole at head and heal of spine going through spine, extremities bumped and rubbed, old owner's label to front paste down, 1" chip at back head hinge, and name to front end paper, scuffed else a good copy of a rare item.
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