Los Diaguitas: Invetario Patrimonial Arqueologico y Paleo-Etnografico

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Author: Marquez Miranda, Fernando (1897-1961)

Year: 1946

Publisher: Universidad Nacional de La Plata

Place: La Plata


300 pages with 25 plates and figures. Royal octavo (9 1/2" x 6 1/2") issued in wrappers. Extract for the Revista del Museo de La Plata New series, volume III, Anthropology Section. First separate printing.

The Diaguita, also called Diaguita-Calchaquí, are a group of South American indigenous peoples. The Diaguita culture developed between the 8th and 16th centuries in what are now the provinces of Salta, Catamarca, La Rioja and Tucumán in northwestern Argentina, and in the Atacama and Coquimbo regions of northern Chile. Diaguita tribes were sometimes confederated, and sometimes at war against each other. When the Inca started extending their empire southwards during the 15th century, the Diaguita fiercely resisted the invasion. They were unique at the time for their lack of a caste system, and lack of gold or other sumptuous goods. They tended to live in clans. For the most part the men were monogamous, with chiefs possibly practicing bigamy. They later fell to the Incas, though the influence of the Incas was successfully stopped at the Córdoba mountains. Their surviving descendants contributed to organized resistance to the Spaniards. Diaguita peoples were one of the most advanced Pre-Columbian cultures in Argentina. They had sophisticated architectural and agricultural techniques, including irrigation, and are known for their ceramic art. They preferred the colors white, red and black. They mostly did not build large cities, but were sedentary farmers raising maize, pumpkins and beans, and herd animals such as llamas. They reflected the Andean culture they shared with the Inca. They worshiped the Sun, thunder and lightning.


Pages uncut, spine sunned and cracked, soiled and chipped at spine ends, corners and edges else a good copy.

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