Regla del glorioso doct del la iglesia S. Augustin, que han de guardar las religiosas del Convento del maximo doct. S. Geronimo del a Puebla de los Angeles, y los demas que se fundaren del mismo instituto.
Author: Manuel Fernández de Santa Cruz y Sahagún (1637-1699)
Publisher: Impresso en la Impr. de los herederos del capitan Juan de Villa Real
Place: En la Pubela
1 preliminary leaf+11++-46+[2 index] leaves with colophons. Small octavo (7 1/2" x 5 1/2") bound in original vellum covers with ties. First and only edition published.
Sole edition of the rule and constitution of the nunnery of the Hieronymites in Puebla, as approved and promulgated by Bishop Manuel Fernández de Santa Cruz. Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz was a Hieronymite nun in Mexico City and in the wake of her having incurred the wrath of the archbishop, all nuns in New Spain were put on notice that the archepiscopal authorities would no longer tolerate "secularized" nuns. This text, published within a decade of Sor Juana's death, makes it clear that nuns were expected to "be nuns" and that only, not writers or thinkers also.
As a Hieronymite nun, Sor Juana submitted to the Regla of San Agustin - To this Rule of spiritual perfection through the practice of the virtues, she submitted for 27 years. The Rule of Saint Augustine is a brief, clear and essential compendium of the virtues to be practiced by nuns consecrated to God and calls to a state of evangelical perfection.
In page 6 of the book are detailed the rules to which nuns like Sor Juana must had to be submitted:
1.- Love. Before all things, dearest sisters, love God and then the neighbor.
2.- Poverty. Nobody owns anything. Everything is communal. But the nuns will be provided with what is necessary.
3.- Humility. No religious must be proud of herself.
4.. Prayer. They must do it constantly in the times foreseen and those who, moreover, like to pray alone, let no one hinder them.
5.- Fasting. Tame the flesh with fasts and abstinence as long as possible.
6.- Listen carefully to the readings that are made while eating.
7.- Murmuring. Never do it.
8.- Care of the sick. Be temperate in eating to avoid sickness. If necessary, consult a doctor. There is a nurse to take care of them. Once healed, return to your community life.
9.- Modesty in the habit and dresses without wanting to please. Have in the community the dresses in the power of one or two nuns who guard them and shake off moth; accept the dresses that Given to them.
10.- Honesty. Guard your eyes so that they guard your heart. "Even if you see men, do not look carefully at them.
11.- Do not receive papers (letters, messages), or anything hidden. If so, put it in the hands of the prioress-
12.- Communication of goods. No nun appropriates anything. Prefer the things of the community to your own.
13.- Exterior cleaning that does not damage the interior. wash your clothes and clean the body.
14.- Diligence. Those in charge of maintenance, clothing and books, serve your sisters with charity.
15.- Language care. Do not insult or speak harshly. Cure the evil by asking for forgiveness.
16.- Obedience. Be obedient to the prioress even if she punishes them.
The rule concludes with an exhortation for the Hieronymites to keep faithful and thus be "odorous with an odor of Christ.”
Manuel Fernández de Santa Cruz y Sahagún was a religious writer and Roman Catholic prelate who served as Bishop of Guadalajara (19 February 1674–2 June 1676), and Bishop of Tlaxcala (2 June 1676–1 February 1699). As well as founding charitable institutions in his diocese, he published Sor Juana's Carta atenagórica (critiquing a sermon by Antonio Vieira) - without her permission (albeit under a pseudonym) and told her to focus on religious instead of secular studies, despite agreeing with her criticisms.
Ties lacking, light foxing, some occasional staining. Only three copies found on OCLC a very good copy of a scarce item.
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