Recent Discoveries Attributed to Early Man in America

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Author: Hrdlicka, Ales (1869-1943)

Year: 1918

Publisher: Government Printing Office

Place: Washington, DC

Description:

67 pages with 8 figures, 14 plates and index. Royal octavo (9 1/2" x 6") bound in original publisher's olive green cloth with gilt lettering to spine and blind stamped edge rule on cover. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin 66. First edition.

Ales Hrdlicka was a very influential physical anthropologist. He was born to Maximilian Hrdlicka and Karolina Wagner on March 30, 1869. He was born to this Bohemian family in a little town called Humpolec, in what is now Czechoslovakia. He grew up in Humpolec and immigrated with his family to New York in 1881. His first job in the United States was in a tobacco store. He became very ill at the age of 19 and after completing his secondary education, he entered the New York Eclectic Medical College at the advice of his physician. He graduated with honors and began practicing on the Lower East Side, while continuing his education at the New York Homeopathic College.Hrdlicka became interested in anthropology, a science that was new at the time. He went to Paris to study under the direction of Professor Manovrier at the Ecole d Anthropologie among other schools. When he returned to the United States he built an anthropology laboratory and started collecting information on the characteristics of Americans. He began to move his career into the field of anthropology. He married Marie Strickler, to whom he was devoted. She had received a small estate from her mother, which supported Hrdlickas early endeavors.Hrdlicka accepted an unpaid position at the American Museum of Natural History as a field anthropologist, in 1899. Working under Fredric Ward Putnam, he participated in four intense anthropometric studies of the Indians of the American Southwest and northern Mexico. In 1903, Hrdlicka accepted a position as Assistant Curator at the Division of Physical Anthropology at the National Museum of Natural History, part of the Smithsonian Institute. In 1910, he became the Curator of his department and built it into a primary research center. During his forty years with the Smithsonian Institute, he compiled the most complete collection of human bone material in the world. He was the one of the first scientists to argue the Americans originated in Asia and came across the Bering Strait.While he was curator, he traveled extensively to many archaeological sites. In 1927 he published an article called The Neanderthal Phase of Man which he tried to prove that all races had a common origin. He later supposed that humans could only have developed in the Old World. Some of his books include Physical Anthropology in 1919, followed by Anthropometry in 1920 and Old Americans in 1925. Trying to support his theory that the Americans immigrated across the Bering Strait he organized and conducted ten expeditions to Alaska, Kodiak Island, Aleutian Islands, and Commander Islands. These expeditions contributed a great amount of information and physical evidence. These expeditions lead to the writing of the Alaskan Diary 1926- 1931, in 1943.During his tenure at the Smithsonian Institute he founded the American Journal of Physical Anthropology and edited it until his death on April 5, 1943. He received honorary doctorates from the Charles University in Prague and the Purkyne University in Brno. He also established the American Association of Physical Anthropologists, which remains today.

Condition:

Covers soiled, front cover damp stained, head hinge pages damp stained, end papers foxed, corners and spine extremities rubbed. A better than good copy issued without jacket.

SOLD 2019

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