El impacto demografico de la viruela en Mexico de la epoca colonial al siglo XX

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Author: Cramaussel Vallet, Chantal, Chantal and Mario Alberto Magana Mancillas (editors)

Year: 2010

Publisher: El Colegio de Michoacán

Place: Zamora


2 volumes. 174 pages with charts, tables, drawings, illustrations, figures, maps, bibliography and indices; 147 pages with illustrations, charts, tables, figures, maps, bibliography and indices. Quarto (11" x 8 1/2") bound in original publisher's pictorial wrappers. First edition limited to 1000 copies.

The history of smallpox in Mexico spans approximately 500 years of prevalence from the arrival of the Spanish to the official eradication in the country in 1951. It was brought to Mexico by those in Spanish ships, then spread to the center of Mexico, where it became a significant factor in the fall of Tenochtitlan. During the colonial period, there were major epidemic outbreaks which led to the implementation of sanitary and preventive policy. The introduction of smallpox inoculation in New Spain by Franciso Javier Balmis and the work of Dr Ignacio Bartolache reduced the mortality and morbidity of the disease. Efforts to eradicate smallpox in Mexico started with Dr José Ignacio Bartolache who wrote a book in 1779 about smallpox called Instrucción que puede servir para que se cure a los enfermos de las viruelas epidemicas que ahora se padecen en México(Instructions that may help to cure smallpox in Mexico) in which he included an introduction about what is smallpox and instructions to treat it, such as drinking warm water with salt and honey, gargling with water and vinegar, keep tidy and clean and finish treatment by taking a purgative. He thought that smallpox was a remedy of nature to clear bad mood and doctors should not accelerate the process of healing because it was against nature. He wrote a letter to propose his measures as a strategy to combat smallpox in which he also included recommendations like purify air with gunpowder and scent, ventilate churches where bodies were buried and to build cemeteries outside the city. This strategy was approved by City Council in September 1779. The next phase of eradication started in 1803 when Francisco Javier Balmis started the vaccination campaign in New Spain. This vaccine was used until 1951 when smallpox was declared officially eradicated in Mexico.

Contents: La viruela desde el punto de vista medico by Rafael Valdes Aguilar; Las epidemias en la peninsual de Baja California entre 1769 y 1834, con especial hincapie el la magnitud y el significado de la viruela de 1780-1782 by Mario Alberto Magana Mancillas; La viruela de 1795-1797 en Tehuantepec, Oaxaca by Laura Manchuca; La epidemia de viruela de 1796-1798: de Teotitlan de Valle, Oaxaca, a la ciudad de Mexico by Luz Maria Espinosa Cortes and Raul Miranda Ocampo; Guanajuato y Valladolid de Michoacan durante la epidemia de viruela de 1797-1798 by Neibeth Camacho Alberto; La epidemia de viruela de 1798 en el Nuevo Reino de Leon: una interpretacion desde la perspectiva socio-racial by Raul Garcia Flores; Fuentes bibliograficas para el estudio de la inoculacion y vacunacion en la Nueva Espana by Susana Ramirez Martin; La epidemia de viruela de 1830-1831 en el obispado de Guadalajara by David Carbajal Lopez; La epidemia de viruela de 1830-1831 en el cuarto de Autlan, Jalisco by Juan Luis Argumaniz Tello; Las medidads de prevencion contra la viruela en el siglo XIX y la epidemia de 1865-1866 en Sombrerete, Zacatecas by Tomas Dimas Arenas; La epidemia de viruela de 1869 en Hermosillo, Sonora by Jose Marcos Medina Bustos; Impacto demografico de una epidemia de viruela en la ciudad de San Francisco de Campeche en 1891 by Carolos Alcala Feraez; Por voluntad o por fuerza: la lucha contra la viruela en el porfirismo by Ana Maria Carillo; La lucha de la medicina tradicional raramuri y de la biomedicina contra la viruela en la Sierra Tarahumara durante el siglo XX by Lenin Pavel Acosta Garay.


Corners bumped on volume one else a near fine set.

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