Servicios en Indias de Juan Ruiz de Arce Conquistador del Peru Natural de Alburquerque (1525-1535)

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Author: Solar y Toboada, Antonio del (1891-1952) and Jose de Reyula y de Ochotorena

Year: 1933

Publisher: Tipografia de Arcivos

Place: Madrid


62 pages. Royal octavo (9 3/4" x 5") bound in brown cloth with black lettering to spine. First edition.

Juan Ruiz de Arce born in Albuquerque Spain in 1507 was a Spanish soldier who was part of the conquistadors who, at the orders of Francisco Pizarro, assisted in the conquest of Peru. Juan Ruiz de Arce is also known as Juan Ruiz de Albuquerque because of the custom, widespread at the time, to add to his name his town of origin in Spain. His father, Marti­n Ruiz de Arce, was of noble origin, descendant from the family of Santander. The Ruiz de Arce family had settled in Albuquerque by his grandfather, who had distinguished himself, losing life for his sovereign, in the famous battle of Taurus. Following the family traditions, Juan, remained in Albuquerque until 1525, embarking to the Indies in search of fortune. Ruiz de Arce's debut was not comforting. He tried luck in the island of Hispaniola and Jamaica to move on to the mainland in Honduras where he remained for two years, always dealing with military businesses. Though he faced deprivations and dangers, in insidious jungles, clashing with indigenous people, his condition remained precarious, and the mirage of easy wealth drifted more and more out of his horizon. He did not go any better in Nicaragua, on the orders of Predrarias Davila they captured and beheaded Francisco Hernandez de Córdoba, in his conquest of Nicaragua. The governor did not like to favor his subordinates, and, for the many who had fought for him, they had to settle for insignificant rewards. His fortune finally materialized with the announcement of a new expedition to the unexplored lands of the South. Hernando de Soto was looking for the proselytes to join Pizarro and Juan de Arce did not pull back. The bulk of the troops had already started when the news came to him, but he did not lose sight of it, and with fourteen adventurers like him, they set out to join up. He reached Pizarro in the bay of San Matteo and had participated in the conquering of the island of La Puna and at Tumbez, the sea port of the Inca empire. When the hundred and forty-eight Spaniards, who formed the invading army, marched on the Andes towards an unlikely victory, Ruiz de Arce was with them. He was one of only a handful of Spaniards who recorded the Inca city of Cuzco and its grandeur before the conquest. After the conquest, he was one of the few Spanish soldiers who return home and retired in a settled life.


Rebound in modern brown cloth. Title page damage at fore-edge extending to page fifteen not affecting text else a good to very good copy.

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