Historia Antigua de Megico. sacada de los mejores historiadores espanoles, y de los manuscritos, y de las pinturas antiguas de los Indios. adornada con mapas y estampas, e ilustrada con disertaciones sobre la tierra, los animales, y los habitantes de Megi
Publisher: R Ackermann
2 volumes. xxxii+442 pages with foldout frontispiece map, tables and 19 plates (one folding); iv+449+[2 ad] pages with foldout frontispiece map one plate. Royal octavo (9 3/4" x 6 1/4" bound in half red leather with gilt lettering to spine, marbled boards and marbled page ends. Translated from the Italian edition, first published in Cesena, 1780-81) by Jose Joaquin de Mora. (Palau 55481; Sabin 13520) First edition into Spanish.
Francisco Javier Clavijero was a Novohispano Jesuit teacher, scholar and historian. After the expulsion of the Jesuits from Spanish colonies (1767), he went to Italy, where he wrote a valuable work on the pre-Columbian history and civilizations of Mesoamerica and the central Mexican altiplano.
Clavijero’s Historia antigua de México was the most influential history of Mexico since Jose de Acosta’s Historia natural y moral de las Indias in 1590. It was, according to Clavijero, a history of Mexico written by a Mexican. His historical work, written in Italy, offers an amazing combination of Scholastic theology, modern natural history, enlightened history, and a criticism of enlightenment that anticipated Romanticism. Clavijero was one of the most engaged interlocutors of Cornelius De Pauw and Buffon in the “Dispute of the New World”. According to his biographer Juan Maneiro, he was already writing his Historia Antigua de México when the Philosophical Investigations by De Pauw came out. An enlightened view of the historical process predominates in his Historia antigua de México. This can be seen in his encyclopedic spirit, as well as in his use of primary sources and the writings of other recognized historians in his only historical work. It is a quite admirable is his view of the historical development of Mexican Indians as a social phenomenon with roots in the pre-Hispanic past, without connecting them to any ancient people from other continents. In the words of José Emílio Pereira, his Historia Antigua de México is an essential piece for the recuperation of the Indian world - particularly the Aztec one - from the triple perspective of Catholicism, classical culture and enlightenment. By opposing certain aspects of European enlightened philosophy Clavijero is offering a Creole enlightenment. Elías Trabuse diagnoses in him an attraction toward the enlightened philosophers and historians in search of a meaning in History, breaking with the antiquarian historians who reduce their works to a compilation of facts. But, differently from them, he did not assume an attitude of neglecting the details. At the same time that Clavijero broke with the schemes of this Spanish historiography, he confronted the bias and preconceptions of the “philosophical history” from the depreciators of the Americas.
Corners bumped and rubbed, rubbing to hinges, early spine tags, inked number stamps to title pages, monor foxing and offsetting. Early book plates to front pastedowns else a very good set.
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