Roughing It

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Author: Twain, Mark [PSUED Samuel Langhorne Clemens] (1835-1910)

Year: 1872

Publisher: American Publishing Co

Place: Hartford


591 pages with 6 tipped in plates and numerous figures. Octavo (9" x 6"). Issued in full cloth with pictorial spine and cover in gilt and blind stamped cover. (BAL 3326) First edition, first state.

The print run for the first edition is uncertain, the book was published in February 1872 and 10,855 copies had been bound by the end of February. By May 1, 37,701 copies had been sold, of which 22,43 were in cloth; 13, 952 in sheep and in cloth with gilt edges; 1,176 in three-quarter morocco; and 30 in "special" bindings which included full morocco. By 1879, the proportions were as follows: 96,083 copies sold. (Kevin Mac Donnell) Bibliography of American Ligtereature distinguishes between the first and second states by the presence of two words on page 242 (first state) or their absence (second state). But it isn't that simple. Copies, such as this one, are found with just one word present (or one word absent, if you are a pessimist.) And similar damage to the plates has been noted on the following pages: xi.1 (M in My is perfect) as in this copy; 19.1 (y is perfect) as in this copy; and 123.6 up (death! which was correct from death.) as this copy. All of these texts are damaged at some point during the printings(s), and all, including the one on page 242, are found in endless random combinations. At some point, two words were altered: at page 156.2 up "thirteenth" was corrected to "sixteenth" - this copy has the uncorrected "thirteenth" -and on page 330.16 up "Eastern" was corrected to "eastern" - this copy has the uncorrected listing. These changes could distinguish between two printings, but may only distinguish between two later printings. The states of the plates can be guessed at, but if multiple plates were used or mixing of sheets took place (as is clear from surviving copies) they should be viewed with caution.


Professionally re-backed; page ends renewed, corners bumped, former owner's name on front end paper dated March 27, 1872. Over all a very good copy.

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