History, Manners, Customs of The Indian Nations Who Once Inhabited Pennsylvania and the Neighboring States

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Author: Heckewelder, John Gottlieb Ernest (1743-1823)

Year: 1876

Publisher: Historical Society of Pennsylvania

Place: Philadelphia


xliv-[47]-465 pages with index. Royal octavo (9 3/4" x 6 3/4") bound in green cloth with spine label and lettering in black. Third edition.

In the autumn of 1771 John Heckewelder entered upon his career as an evangelist to the Indians, sharing the various fortunes of the Moravian mission among that people for fifteen years. The well-known missionary David Zeisberger, having in 1768 established a mission among a clan of Monseys on the Allegheny, within the limits of what is now Venango county, was induced in the spring of 1770 to migrate with his charge to the Big Beaver, and to settle at a point within the jurisdiction of the Delawares of Kaskaskunk. Heckewelder was appointed Zeisberger's assistant. In the spring of 1773 the mission was transferred to the valley of the Muskingum, and Heckewelder became a resident of the Ohio country. Here several towns were build harboring the Moravian Indians and the missionaries. On the opening of the western border-war of the Revolution in the spring of 1777, the Moravian missionaries on the Muskingum realized the danger of their position. As neutrals both sides suspected them. As a result the moved their operations to a point on the Huron, forty miles by water northwest of Detroit and built New Gnadenhutten in 1782. Four years later it was abandoned, and resettled at Cuyahoga, in present day norther Ohio. He severed his connections with the mission in 1786 and settled with his wife and family at Bethlehem. During this period of fifteen years he devoted his interest to work among the Indians. In 1792 Heckewelder with General Rufus Putnam went to me with the chiefs of the Seven Nations to treat for peace. Thirty-one of the chiefs signed a treaty of peace. In the spring of the following year, once again, he was commissioned to assist at a treaty with the United States for the purpose to ratify an agreement with the Miami of the Lake. Between 1797 and 1800, the subject of this work, visited the Ohio country four times, and in 1801 moved back to Gnadenhutten. Here he remained for nine years and preached the Gospel among the natives. In a time when there was a growing interest among people of science in this country, Heckewelder was sought out in his retirement and called upon to contribute from his experience. In this way originated his association with Du Ponceau and Wistar of the American Philosophical Society, and that of a career literary labor. In addition to occasional essays, which are incorporated in the Transactions of the Historical and Literary Committee of that society, Heckewelder, in 1818 published this work. His Narritive of the Mission of the United Brethren among the Delaware and Mohican Indians, appeared in 1820, and in 1822 he prepared his well-known collection of Names , which the Lenni Lenape, or Delaware Indians, gave to the Rivers, Streams, and Localities within the States of Pennsylvania, New Yersey, Maryland, and Virgina, with their Significations.


Spine ends chipped, spine label chipped not affecting lettering, corners bumped and rubbed through, previous owner's name on front end paper else a better than good copy.

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