The Artifacts of Pecos

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Author: Kidder, Alfred Vincent (1885-1963)

Year: 1932

Publisher: Yale University Press Published for the Phillips Academy

Place: New Haven

Description:

xvi+314 pages with over 250 illustrations, plates and figures includes bibliography. Quarto (11" x 8 1/2") issued in original green cloth with gilt lettering to spine. Sixth volume of the Southwestern Researches by the Robert S Peabody foundation for Archaeology. First edition.

The Pecos Pueblo site is a Native American adobe village site in the American southwest, visited by the Spanish conquistadors in the 16th century. Excavated by archaeologist A.V. Kidder in the early 20th century, the town is now part of a National Monument. From 1915 to 1929, Kidder conducted site excavations at an abandoned pueblo near Pecos, New Mexico, now the Pecos National Historical Park. He excavated levels of human occupation at the pueblo going back more than 2000 years, and gathered a detailed record of cultural artifacts, including a large collection of pottery fragments and human remains. From these items, he was able to establish a continuous record of pottery styles from 2000 years ago to the mid-to-late 19th century. Kidder then analyzed trends and changes in pottery styles in association with changes in the Pecos people’s culture and established a basic chronology for the Southwest. With Samuel J. Guernsey, he established the validity of a chronological approach to cultural periods. Kidder asserted that deductions about the development of human culture could be obtained through a systematic examination of stratigraphy and chronology in archaeological sites. This research laid the foundation for modern archaeological field methods, shifting the emphasis from a "gentlemanly adventure" adding items such as whole pots and cliff dwellings to museum coffers to the study of potsherds and other artifacts in relation to the cultural history. Pioneering archaeologists in other regions of the United States completed the transformation of professional methodology initiated by Kidder.

Condition:

Previous owner's name on front end paper, points gently rubbed else a very good to fine copy

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