Antiguedades de la Nueva Espana

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Author: Hernandez de Toledo, Francisco (1514-1587) from the library of Professor George M Foster

Year: 1945

Publisher: Editorial Pedro Robedo

Place: Mexico City


363 pages with illustrations and index. Royal octavo (9 3/4" x 7 1/4") rebound in full leather with red and black spine labels and gilt lettering, original wrappers bound in. Translated by Joaquin Garcia Pimentel. From the library of George M Foster. 1st Mexican edition limited to 100 copies.

Francisco Hern�ndez de Toledo (La Puebla de Montalb�n, Toledo 1514 � Madrid 28 January 1587) was a naturalist and court physician to the King of Spain.Hern�ndez was among the first wave of Spanish Renaissance physicians practicing according to the revived principles formulated by Hippocrates, Galen and Avicenna. Hern�ndez studied medicine and botany at the University of Alcal� and may have traveled between cities in Spain as was common among physicians seeking to make a name for themselves. Moving from Seville with his wife and children, Hern�ndez served briefly in the Hospital y Monasterio de Guadalupe and then at the Hospital Mendoza in Toledo, where he gained prominence for his studies of medicinal botany and publication of a Castilian translation of a work on natural history by Pliny the Elder.In 1567 Hern�ndez became a personal physician to King Philip II. In 1571 Hern�ndez was ordered to embark on the first scientific mission in the New World, a study of the region's medicinal plants. Accompanied by his son Juan, he traveled for 7 years collecting and classifying specimens, interviewing the indigenous people through translators and conducting medical studies in Mexico and the Philippines. He was assisted by three indigenous painters (baptized, Ant�n, Baltazar El�as and Pedro V�zquez respectively), who prepared illustrations. During the 1576 yellow fever ("cocoliztle") epidemic Hern�ndez performed autopsies in the Hospital Real de San Jos� de los Naturales in collaboration with surgeon Alonso L�pez de Hinojosos and physician Juan de la Fuente.Parts of Francisco Hern�ndez' extensive descriptions of his findings were published in a translated collection entitled Plantas y Animales de la Nueva Espana, y sus virtudes por Francisco Hernandez, y de Latin en Romance por Fr. Francisco Ximenez (Mexico, 1615) also cited as Cuatro libros de la naturaleza y virtudes de las plantas y animales que est�n recibidos en uso de medicina en la Nueva Espa�a published by Francisco Jim�nez.A heavily redacted compendium in the original Latin was later published as Rerum medicarum Novae Hispaniae thesaurus (Rome, 1628) by collector, Federico Cesi.Another impression was put out by Johannes Schreck and Fabio Colonna as Nova plantarum, animalium et mineralium mexicanorum historia a Francisco Hern�ndez in indis primum compilata, de inde a Nardo Antonio Reccho in volumen digesta (Rome: Vital Mascardi, 1648).Some of Hern�ndez' original manuscripts are housed in the library of the Escorial, but many were lost in the fire of July 17, 1671. A new compilation by physician Casimiro G�mez Ortega, based on additional material found in the Colegio Imperial de los Jesuitas de Madrid was entitled Francisci Hernandi, medici atque historici Philippi II, hispan et indiar. Regis, et totius novi orbis archiatri. Opera, cum edita, tum medita, ad autobiographi fidem et jusu regio. (1790).

George McClelland Foster, Jr born in Sioux Falls, South Dakota, on October 9, 1913, died on May 18, 2006, at his home in the hills above the campus of the University of California, Berkeley, where he served as a professor from 1953 to his retirement in 1979, when he became professor emeritus. His contributions to anthropological theory and practice still challenge us; in more than 300 publications, his writings encompass a wide diversity of topics, including acculturation, long-term fieldwork, peasant economies, pottery making, public health, social structure, symbolic systems, technological change, theories of illness and wellness, humoral medicine in Latin America, and worldview. The quantity, quality, and long-term value of his scholarly work led to his election to the National Academy of Sciences in 1976. Virtually all of his major publications have been reprinted and/or translated. Provenance from the executor of Foster's library laid in.


Foster's stamp on front wrapper and date of aquiry (6/26/46) on front end paper, some rubbing to extremities, an unread copy, spine sunned else a very good copy.

SOLD 2017

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